Lord Robert Reed, president of the Supreme Court docket, mentioned that nationwide safety considerations have been paramount within the case. “The best to a good listening to doesn’t trump all different concerns, akin to the protection of the general public,” Reed mentioned in an announcement.
The ruling doesn’t stop Begum, now 21, from persevering with her authorized case in opposition to the British authorities’s determination to revoke her citizenship in 2019.
Nevertheless, Begum’s legal professionals have mentioned she has not been capable of freely talk with them from the al-Roj detention camp, the place she is being stored Syrian Kurdish teams with out trial, and that the probabilities of a good case could be restricted if held remotely.
Rights teams criticized the courtroom’s determination on Friday. “Barring Shamima Begum from Britain stays a cynical ploy to make her another person’s duty,” Maya Foa, director of the rights group Reprieve, mentioned in an announcement.
The choice is the most recent growth in a case that has divided Britons on questions of extremism, human rights and a authorities’s duty to its residents. Its affect is more likely to be felt others who left Western nations to affix the Islamic State.
In November, Rights and Safety Worldwide reported that at the least 15 ladies and 35 kids from Britain have been being held in Syrian refugee camps and that the British authorities had a “systematic coverage of depriving ladies within the camps of their citizenship.”
The Brussels-based Egmont Institute has estimated that just about 1,200 Europeans have been being held in camps in Syria and Iraq after the autumn of the Islamic State, greater than half of whom have been kids, with solely restricted efforts for repatriation.
Whereas Begum’s case is the highest-profile citizenship revocation, the research mentioned that different European nations — together with Belgium, France, Denmark and the Netherlands — have stripped citizenship from Islamic State fighters.
The U.S. Justice Division introduced in October that it had repatriated a complete of 27 Individuals from Syria and Iraq, together with 10 who had been charged with terrorism-related crimes.
The yr earlier than, a courtroom backed President Donald Trump’s declare that one U.S.-born lady was not a citizen, although she held a U.S. passport, due to her father’s diplomatic standing within the United States at her time of delivery.
Rights teams mentioned that visits to camps British authorities confirmed it was potential to carry detainees again house.
“Like lots of its European counterparts, the U.Ok. is greater than able to bringing house British detainees in Syria, lots of whom left as youngsters after being trafficked or groomed on-line,” Foa mentioned Friday.
Begum was 15 years outdated in 2015 when she joined two different schoolgirls and left Britain en path to Syria to affix the Islamic State group. Her case instantly drew headlines within the British press, leaving many Britons horrified that ladies so younger would be part of a gaggle recognized for excessive violence.
In 2019, because the Islamic State’s grip on its self-proclaimed caliphate was battered coalition forces, Begum spoke to a reporter from the Occasions of London and requested the British authorities to assist her return house. She was 9 months pregnant on the time.
Though many individuals sympathized with the younger lady, who was 19 on the time, others have been dismayed a variety of feedback she had made to British media retailers in interviews from the Syrian camp and her acknowledged lack of remorse about becoming a member of the Islamic State within the first place.
The British authorities introduced that it could revoke her British citizenship on nationwide safety grounds that it didn’t make public. The federal government mentioned she wouldn’t be stateless, as Begum’s household has roots in Bangladesh, though the Bangladeshi authorities mentioned she was not eligible for citizenship.
Begum’s child subsequently died about three weeks after delivery within the camp, which is positioned within the far northeast of Syria close to the borders with Turkey and Iraq. Begum bore three kids after fleeing to the Islamic State, all of whom died younger.
Britain’s Court docket of Attraction dominated final July that Begum might return to Britain to battle a authorized battle over her citizenship. The British authorities appealed to the Supreme Court docket after the choice, saying that if Begum have been allowed to return to the nation, it could create “important nationwide safety dangers.”
In his assertion to the media, Reed sided with the federal government’s evaluation and criticized the Court docket of Attraction for making its personal evaluation of safety considerations. He mentioned Begum’s enchantment might be delayed till she “is able to play an efficient half in it with out the protection of the general public being compromised.”
That answer was not excellent, Reed acknowledged, “however there is no such thing as a excellent answer to a dilemma of the current variety.”